ISTQB Learning

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Exam 4

1 / 40

1. High-level test conditions are being used by testers to generate test cases and execute tests. Even though the test conditions remain the same, the test cases are varied each time. Which of the following ‘principles of testing’ is being addressed through the variation of test cases?

Select ONE option.

2 / 40

2. Which of the following statements about the value of static testing is CORRECT?

Select ONE option.

3 / 40

3. Consider the following defect report for a Book Lending System.

Which of the following is MOST likely to help the developer reproduce the failure quickly?

Select ONE options.

4 / 40

4. Which of the following are product risks?

Select TWO options.

5 / 40

5. Which of the following is a typical test objective?

Select ONE option.

6 / 40

6. Given the following test tool categories:

i. Collaboration tools
ii. DevOps tools
iii. Management tools
iv. Non-functional testing tools
v. Test design and implementation tools

Tools from which of the categories are MOST likely to facilitate test execution?

Select ONE options.

7 / 40

7. Which of the following is MOST likely to describe a task performed by someone in a test management role?

Select ONE option.

8 / 40

8. Which of the following is MOST likely to be a trigger that leads to maintenance testing of a currency exchange system?

Select ONE option.

9 / 40

9. Which of the following is an advantage of the whole team approach?

Select ONE option.

10 / 40

10. Which of the following is MOST likely to be a challenge encountered when implementing DevOps?

Select ONE option.

11 / 40

11. A designer documents a design for a user interface that does not suitably address disabled users because the designer is tired. The programmer implements the user interface in line with the design but as they are working under severe time pressure, they do not include suitable exception handling in their program code for bonus calculations. When the operational system is used, complaints are made by some disabled users about the interface and the company is subsequently fined by the relevant regulatory authority. No one notices that bonus calculations are sometimes incorrect.

Which of the following statements is CORRECT?

Select ONE option.

12 / 40

12. Which of the following is NOT a valid purpose for a test report?

Select ONE options.

13 / 40

13. Which of the following CANNOT be examined by static testing?

Select ONE option.

14 / 40

14. For a given risk, its risk level is $1,000 and its risk likelihood is estimated as 50%.

What is the risk impact?

Select ONE options.

15 / 40

15. Which collaborative user story writing practice enables the team to achieve a collective understanding of what needs to be delivered?

Select ONE option.

16 / 40

16. You are testing a temperature control system for a horticultural cold storage facility. The system receives the temperature (in full degrees Celsius) as the input. If the temperature is between 0 and 2 degrees inclusive, the system displays the message “temperature OK”. For lower temperatures, the system displays the message "temperature too low" and for higher temperatures it displays the message “temperature too high”.

Using two-value boundary value analysis, which of the following sets of test inputs provides the highest level of boundary value coverage?

Select ONE option.

17 / 40

17. Which of the following is a good testing practice that applies to all software development lifecycles?

Select ONE option.

18 / 40

18. You perform system testing of an e-commerce web application and are provided with the following requirement:

REQ 05-017. If the total cost of purchases exceeds $100, the customer gets a 5% discount on subsequent purchases. Otherwise, the customer does not receive a discount.

Which test techniques will be MOST helpful in designing test cases based on this requirement?

Select ONE option.

19 / 40

19. Given the following benefits and drawbacks of the independence of testing:

i. The testers work in a different location from the developers
ii. Testers question the assumptions programmers make while writing code
iii. A confrontational dynamic has been established between testers and developers
iv. Developers have convinced themselves that testers are mostly accountable for quality
v. Testers have different biases than those held by the developers

Which are MOST likely to be considered benefits?

Select ONE option.

20 / 40

20. The team wants to estimate the time needed for one tester to execute four test cases for a software component. The team has gathered the following measures of the effort used to execute a single test case:

• Best-case scenario: 1 hour
• Worst-case scenario: 8 hours
• Most likely scenario: 3 hours

Given that the three-point estimation technique is being used, what is the final estimate of the time needed to execute all four test cases?

Select ONE option.

21 / 40

21. Given the following testware:

i. Test completion report
ii. Data held in a database used for test inputs and expected results
iii. The list of elements needed to build the test environment
iv. Documented sequences of test cases in execution order
v. Test cases

Which of the following BEST shows the testware produced as a result of performing test implementation?

Select ONE option.

22 / 40

22. Which of the following BEST describes retrospectives?

Select ONE option.

23 / 40

23. Your test suite S for a program P achieves 100% statement coverage. It consists of three test cases, each of which achieves 50% statement coverage.

Which of the following statements is CORRECT?

Select ONE option.

24 / 40

24. Which of the following is true about exploratory testing?

Select ONE option.

25 / 40

25. The user reported a software failure. An engineer from the support team asked the user for the software version number where the failure was observed. Based on the version number, the team reassembled all the files that made up the release. This later allowed a developer to perform analysis, find the defect, and fix it.

Which of the following enabled the above activity to be performed by the team?

Select ONE options.

26 / 40

26. Which of the following is MOST likely to be a risk of test automation?

Select ONE options.

27 / 40

27. Given the following descriptions of review activities:

1. Detected anomalies are deliberated upon, and determinations are reached regarding their status, ownership, and any further steps needed
2. Issues are recorded, and any needed updates are addressed prior to the acceptance of the work product
3. Reviewers employ techniques to come up with suggestions and questions about the work product and to spot anomalies
4. The objective of the review and its schedule are established to ensure a focused and efficient review
5. Participants are provided with access to the item being reviewed

Which of the following is the CORRECT sequence in the review process of the activities that correspond to the descriptions?

Select ONE option.

28 / 40

28. You are designing test cases based on the following decision table.

So far you have designed the following test cases:

• TC1: 19-year-old, unregistered man with no experience; expected result: category A
• TC2: 65-year-old, unregistered woman with 5 years of experience; expected result: category B
• TC3: 66-year-old, registered man with no experience; expected result: category C
• TC4: 65-year-old, registered woman with 4 years of experience; expected result:
category D

Which of the following test cases, when added to the existing set of test cases, will increase the decision table coverage?

Select ONE option.

29 / 40

29. Which of the following is an example of a test-first approach to development?

Select ONE option.

30 / 40

30. Given the following test tasks:

1. Derive test cases from test conditions
2. Identify reusable testware
3. Organize test cases into test procedures
4. Evaluate test basis and test object

And the following test activities:

A. Test analysis
B. Test design
C. Test implementation
D. Test completion

Which of the following BEST matches the tasks with the activities?

Select ONE option.

31 / 40

31. Why does white-box testing facilitate defect detection even when the software specification is vague, outdated or incomplete?

Select ONE option.

32 / 40

32. How can the testing quadrants be beneficial for testing?

Select ONE options.

33 / 40

33. Which of the following tests is MOST likely to be performed as part of functional testing?

Select ONE option.

34 / 40

34. You have just started designing test cases for the following user story.

In all test cases the precondition is as follows: there are only two products available, products A and B. Product A costs $100 and product B costs $110.

Which of the following is the BEST example of a test case for this user story?

Select ONE option.

35 / 40

35. Which of the following BEST define EXIT criteria in a testing project?

Select TWO options.

36 / 40

36. The system for selling cinema tickets calculates the discount type based on the client’s birth year (BY) and on the current year (CY) as follows:


Let D be the difference between CY and BY, that is, D = CY – BY

• If D < 0 then print the error message “birth year cannot be greater than current year”

• If 0 ≤ D < 18 then apply the student discount

• If 18 ≤ D < 65 then apply no discount • If D ≥ 65 then apply the pensioner discount

Your test suite already contains two test cases:

• BY = 1990, CY = 2020, expected result: no discount
• BY = 2030, CY = 2029, expected result: print the error message

Which of the following test data sets should be added to achieve full valid equivalence partitioning coverage for the discount type?

Select TWO options.

37 / 40

37. Which participant in the review process is responsible for ensuring that the review meetings run effectively and that everyone at the meetings can voice their opinions freely?

Select ONE option.

38 / 40

38. You are applying state transition testing to the hotel room reservation system modeled by the following state transition table, with 4 states and 5 different events:

Assuming all test cases start in the ‘Requesting’ state, which of the following test cases, represented as sequences of events, achieves the highest valid transitions coverage?

Select ONE option.

39 / 40

39. Which of the following is NOT anticipated by the tester while applying error guessing?

Select ONE option.

40 / 40

40. The table shows the traceability matrix from test cases to requirements. “X” means that a given test case covers the corresponding requirement.

You want to prioritize the test cases following the additional coverage prioritization technique.

You execute all four test cases.

Which test case should be executed as the LAST one?

Select ONE options.


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