Welcome to your ISTQB CTFL v4.0 Sample Exam A Questions v1.2

Question #1 (1 Point)

Which of the following statements describe a valid test objective?

Question #2 (1 Point)

Which of the following options shows an example of test activities that contribute to success?

Question #3 (1 Point)

You have been assigned as a tester to a team producing a new system incrementally. You have noticed that no changes have been made to the existing regression test cases for several iterations and no new regression defects were identified. Your manager is happy, but you are not. Which testing principle explains your skepticism?

Question #4 (1 Point)

You work in a team that develops a mobile application for food ordering. In the current iteration the team decided to implement the payment functionality.

Which of the following activities is a part of test analysis?

Question #5 (1 Point)

Which of the following factors (i-v) have SIGNIFICANT influence on the test process?

i. The SDLC
ii. The number of defects detected in previous projects
iii. The identified product risks
iv. New regulatory requirements forcing formal white-box testing
v. The test environment setup

Question #6 (1 Point)

Which TWO of the following tasks belong MAINLY to a testing role?

Question #7 (1 Point)

Which of the following skills (i-v) are the MOST important skills of a tester?

i. Having domain knowledge
ii. Creating a product vision
iii. Being a good team player
iv. Planning and organizing the work of the team
v. Critical thinking

Question #8 (1 Point)

How is the whole team approach present in the interactions between testers and business representatives?

Question #9 (1 Point)

Consider the following rule: “for every SDLC activity there is a corresponding test activity”. In which SDLC models does this rule hold?

Question #10 (1 Point)

Which of the following statements BEST describes the acceptance test-driven development (ATDD) approach?

Question #11 (1 Point)

Which of the following is NOT an example of the shift left approach?

Question #12 (1 Point)

Which of the arguments below would you use to convince your manager to organize retrospectives at the end of each release cycle?

Question #13 (1 Point)

Which types of failures (1-4) fit which test levels (A-D) BEST?

1. Failures in system behavior as it deviates from the user’s business needs
2. Failures in communication between components
3. Failures in logic in a module
4. Failures in not correctly implemented business rules

A. Component testing
B. Component integration testing
C. System testing
D. Acceptance testing

Question #14 (1 Point)

You are testing a user story with three acceptance criteria: AC1, AC2 and AC3. AC1 is covered by test case TC1, AC2 by TC2, and AC3 by TC3. The test execution history had three test runs on three consecutive versions of the software as follows:



Tests are repeated once you are informed that all defects found in the test run are corrected and a new version of the software is available.
Which of the above tests are executed as regression tests?

Question #15 (1 Point)

Which of the following is NOT a benefit of static testing?

Question #16 (1 Point)

Which of the following is a benefit of early and frequent feedback?

Question #17 (1 Point)

The reviews being used in your organization have the following attributes:

  • There is the role of a scribe
  • The main purpose is to evaluate quality
  • The meeting is led by the author of the work product
  • There is individual preparation
  • A review report is produced
Which of the following review types is MOST likely being used?

Question #18 (1 Point)

Which of these statements is NOT a factor that contributes to successful reviews?

Question #19 (1 Point)

Which of the following is a characteristic of experience-based test techniques?

Question #20 (1 Point)

You are testing a simplified apartment search form which has only two search criteria:

  • floor (with three possible options: ground floor; first floor; second or higher floor)
  • garden type (with three possible options: no garden; small garden; large garden)
Only apartments on the ground floor have gardens. The form has a built-in validation mechanism that will not allow you to use the search criteria which violate this rule.
Each test has two input values: floor and garden type. You want to apply equivalence partitioning (EP) to cover each floor and each garden type in your tests.
What is the minimal number of test cases to achieve 100% EP coverage?

Question #21 (1 Point)

You are testing a system that calculates the final course grade for a given student.

The final grade is assigned based on the final result, according to the following rules:

  • 0 – 50 points: failed
  • 51 – 60 points: fair
  • 61 – 70 points: satisfactory
  • 71 – 80 points: good
  • 81 – 90 points: very good
  • 91 – 100 points: excellent

You have prepared the following set of test cases:


What is the 2-value Boundary Value Analysis (BVA) coverage for the final result that is achieved with the existing test cases?

Question #22 (1 Point)

Your favorite bicycle daily rental store has just introduced a new Customer Relationship Management system and asked you, one of their most loyal members, to test it.

The implemented features are as follows:

  • Anyone can rent a bicycle, but members receive a 20% discount
  • However, if the return deadline is missed, the discount is no longer available
  • After 15 rentals, members get a gift: a T-Shirt
Decision table describing the implemented features looks as follows:



Based ONLY on the feature description of the Customer Relationship Management system, which of the above rules describes an impossible situation?

Question #23 (1 Point)

You test a system whose lifecycle is modeled by the state transition diagram shown below. The system starts in the INIT state and ends its operation in the OFF state.



What is the MINIMAL number of test cases to achieve valid transitions coverage?

Question #24 (1 Point)

Your test suite achieved 100% statement coverage. What is the consequence of this fact?

Question #25 (1 Point)

Which of the following is NOT true for white-box testing?

Question #26 (1 Point)

Which of the following BEST describes the concept behind error guessing?

Question #27 (1 Point)

In your project there has been a delay in the release of a brand-new application and test execution started late, but you have very detailed domain knowledge and good analytical skills. The full list of requirements has not yet been shared with the team, but management is asking for some test results to be presented.

Which test technique fits BEST in this situation?

Question #28 (1 Point)

Which of the following BEST describes the way acceptance criteria can be documented?

Question #29 (1 Point)

Consider the following user story:

As an Editor
I want to review content before it is published
so that I can assure the grammar is correct

and its acceptance criteria:

  • The user can log in to the content management system with "Editor" role
  • The editor can view existing content pages
  • The editor can edit the page content
  • The editor can add markup comments
  • The editor can save changes
  • The editor can reassign to the "content owner" role to make updates
Which of the following is the BEST example of an ATDD test for this user story?

Question #30 (1 Point)

How do testers add value to iteration and release planning?

Question #31 (1 Point)

Which TWO of the following options are the exit criteria for testing a system?

Question #32 (1 Point)

Your team uses the three-point estimation technique to estimate the test effort for a new high-risk feature. The following estimates were made:

  • most optimistic estimation: 2 person-hours
  • most likely estimation: 11 person-hours
  • most pessimistic estimation: 14 person-hours
What is the final estimate?

Question #33 (1 Point)

You are testing a mobile application that allows users to find a nearby restaurant based on the type of food they want to eat. Consider the following list of test cases, priorities (i.e., a smaller number means a higher priority), and dependencies:


Which of the following test cases should be executed as the third one?

Question #34 (1 Point)

Consider the following test categories (1-4) and agile testing quadrants (A-D):



How do the following test categories map onto the agile testing quadrants?

Question #35 (1 Point)

During a risk analysis the following risk was identified and assessed:



What measure is proposed to be taken in response to this analyzed risk?

Question #36 (1 Point)

Which tool can be used by an agile team to show the amount of work that has been completed and the amount of total work remaining for a given iteration?

Question #37 (1 Point)

You need to update one of the automated test scripts to be in line with a new requirement. Which process indicates that you create a new version of the test script in the test repository?

Question #38 (1 Point)

You received the following defect report from the developers stating that the anomaly described in this test report is not reproducible.

Application hangs up
2022-May-03 – John Doe – Rejected
The application hangs up after entering “Test input: $ä” in the Name field on the new user creation screen. Tried to log off, log in with test_admin01 account, same issue. Tried with other test admin accounts, same issue. No error message received; log (see attached) contains fatal error notification.
Based on the test case TC-1305, the application should accept the provided input and create the user. Please fix with high priority, this feature is related to REQ-0012, which is a critical new business requirement.

What critical information is MISSING from this test report that would have been useful for the developers?

Question #39 (1 Point)

Which test activity does a data preparation tool support?

Question #40 (1 Point)

Which item correctly identifies a potential risk of performing test automation?

Question #A1 (1 Point) (Appendix: Additional Questions)

You were given a task to analyze and fix causes of failures in a new system to be released.

Which activity are you performing?

Question #A2 (1 Point)

In many software organizations the test department is called the Quality Assurance (QA) department.
Is this sentence correct or not and why?

Question #A3 (1 Point)

A phone ringing in a neighboring cubicle distracts a programmer causing him to improperly program the logic that checks the upper boundary of an input variable. Later, during system testing, a tester notices that this input field accepts invalid input values.

Which of the following correctly describes an incorrectly coded upper bound?

Question #A4 (1 Point)

Consider the following testware.



Which test activity produces this testware as an output?

Question #A5 (1 Point)

Which of the following is the BEST example of how traceability supports testing?

Question #A6 (1 Point)

Which of the following BEST explains a benefit of independence of testing?

Question #A7 (1 Point)

You are working as a tester in the team that follows the V-model. The choise of software development lifecycle (SDLC) model impacts the timing of testing, which of the following statement is NOT true?

Question #A8 (1 Point)

Which of the following are advantages of DevOps?


Question #A9 (1 Point)

You work as a tester in a project on a mobile application for food ordering for one of your clients.
The client sent you a list of requirements. One of them, with high priority, says

“The order must be processed in less than 10 seconds in 95% of the cases”.

You created a set of test cases in which a number of random orders were made, the processing time measured, and the test results were checked against the requirements.

What test type did you perform?

Question #A10 (1 Point)

Your organization’s test strategy suggests that once a system is going to be retired, data migration shall be tested. As part of what test type is this testing MOST likely to be performed?

Question #A11 (1 Point)

The following is a list of the work products produced in the SDLC.



Which of them can be reviewed?

Question #A12 (1 Point)

Decide which of the following statements (i-v) are true for static testing.


Question #A13 (1 Point)

Which of the following statements about formal reviews is TRUE?

Question #A14 (1 Point)

What task may management take on during a formal review?

Question #A15 (1 Point)

A wine storage system uses a control device that measures the wine cell temperature T (measured in °C, rounded to the nearest degree) and alarms the user if it deviates from the optimal value of 12, according to the following rules:

  • if T = 12, the system says, “optimal temperature”
  • if T < 12, the system says, “temperature is too low!”
  • if T > 12, the system says, “temperature is too high!”
You want to use the 3-point boundary value analysis (BVA) to verify the behavior of the control device. A test input is a temperature in °C provided by the device.

What is the MINIMAL set of test inputs that achieves 100% of the desired coverage?

Question #A16 (1 Point)

Which of the following statements about branch testing is CORRECT?

Question #A17 (1 Point)

You are testing a mobile application that allows customers to access and manage their bank accounts. You are running a test suite that involves evaluating each screen, and each field on each screen, against a general list of user interface best practices derived from a popular book on the topic that maximizes attractiveness, ease-of-use, and accessibility for such applications. Which of the following options BEST categorizes the test technique you are using?

Question #A18 (1 Point)

Which of the following BEST describe the collaborative approach to user story writing?

Question #A19 (1 Point)

Consider the following part of a test plan.

Testing will be performed using component testing and component integration testing. The regulations require to demonstrate that 100% branch coverage is achieved for each component classified as critical.

Which part of the test plan does this part belong to?

Question #A20 (1 Point)

Your team uses planning poker to estimate the test effort for a newly required feature. There is a rule in your team that if there is no time to reach full agreement and the variation in the results is small, applying rules like “accept the number with the most votes” can be applied.

After two rounds, the consensus was not reached, so the third round was initiated. You can see the test estimation results in the table below.



Which of the following is the BEST example of the next step?

Question #A21 (1 Point)

Which of the following is NOT true regarding the test pyramid?

Question #A22 (1 Point)

During risk analysis the team considered the following risk: “The system allows too high a discount for a customer”. The team estimated the risk impact to be very high.

What can one say about the risk likelihood?

Question #A23 (1 Point)

The following list contains risks that have been identified for a new software product to be developed:


Which of them are project risks?

Question #A24 (1 Point)

Which of the following is an example of how product risk analysis influences thoroughness and scope of testing?

Question #A25 (1 Point)

Which TWO of the following options are common metrics used for reporting on the quality level of the test object?

Question #A26 (1 Point)

Which of the following pieces of information contained in a test progress report is the LEAST useful for business representatives?