ISTQB CTAL TA v3.1 Sample Exam A Questions v2.6

Welcome to your ISTQB CTAL TA v3.1 Sample Exam A Questions v2.6

Question #1 (1 Point)

Which of the following statements is TRUE with respect to when the test analyst should become involved during different software development lifecycle models?Deselect Answer

Question #2 (1 Point)

Which of the following answers describes the most appropriate and complete set of activities for the Test Analyst to focus on during test analysis and design?Deselect Answer

Question #3 (1 Point)

Which of the following statements does NOT give a good reason why test cases should be reviewed and understood by stakeholders?Deselect Answer

Question #4 (3 Points)

The insurance company SecureLife has started a project IQ (Improved Quality) to implement a new health insurance application. The intention is to make it possible to create online transactions for health insurance claims raised by employees and members of companies or associations having health insurance agreements.

The project team for IQ have testers who are business users with lots of domain knowledge but without much formal test training.

At the same time another project, HIPPOS (Health Insurance Product Public Order Sales), has been started by the marketing department of SecureLife with the purpose of launching a new Internet application that will allow potential buyers of health insurance to use a calculator to calculate insurance premiums.

The new project HIPPOS application will be developed and tested by a team, which have worked together with the marketing department for the last three years, developing marketing web applications. The team consists of well-trained testers and developers. They have implemented test automation for regression testing, and they have checklists of common defects and common security problems which they use in their retrospectives.

As senior Test Analyst in SecureLife you are responsible for designing test cases that achieve high levels of coverage. You need to decide the level of detail and documentation required for test cases in the two projects.

Which of the following are the BEST options?Deselect Answer

Question #5 (3 Point)

An e-commerce company has started a project to implement an electronic trading platform that allows traders a direct access to Fixed Income OTC (over-the-counter) markets, called B-OTC.

Using B-OTC, traders will be able to submit orders online to these markets to get a faster order execution. B-OTC will process an order through different phases:

  • A validation phase of the order
  • A price determination phase where several markets are examined looking for the best price
  • An execution phase where the order is completed
Which of the following is LEAST likely to influence the decision to design low-level or high-level test cases?Deselect Answer

Question #6 (1 Point)

Which of the following statements is INCORRECT regarding test implementation activities?Deselect Answer

Question #7 (2 Points)

A project to develop a foreign exchange Automated Teller Machine for an airport has been planned and a risk assessment has shown that there are three key risks:

  • There is a risk that usability will be a problem for visually impaired users because the operation requires viewing several screens in sequence with relatively small text. This has been assessed as medium likelihood with high impact
  • There is a risk that response will be relatively slow because the foreign exchange rates will be checked before each transaction; this has been assessed as medium likelihood with medium impact
  • There is a risk that accuracy of calculations could lead to cumulative errors. This has been assessed as low likelihood with high impact
The test strategy currently requires performance testing and usability testing during system test, and functional correctness testing at every test level. The project schedule is under time pressure.

Which of the following possible risk mitigation actions should be prioritized highest?Deselect Answer

Question #8 (3 Points)

A company has set up an employee wellness program and combined it with the payment for health insurance:

The program has the following rules:


How many test cases are needed to achieve 100% coverage of equivalence partitions of the valid input parameters, when testing this specification by applying the equivalence partitioning test technique?Deselect Answer

Question #9 (3 Points)

You are working on a customer loyalty application for a restaurant. Customers earn points by spending money on food. There are four categories for awards that are based on the number of points earned.

  • Casual: 1 - 40 points
  • Regular: 41 - 150 points
  • Frequent: 151 - 300 points
  • Elite: more than 300 points
Existing tests cases have already covered the point values 12, 150, 151, 152 and 301.

What is the percentage of boundary value coverage you have already achieved with existing test cases?Deselect Answer

Question #10 (3 Points)

The Business Analysts have provided the following specification for the payment options of an internet store:

“A customer must provide credit card details (including expiry date) to the internet store during registration. They can use any of the three payment options: credit card, instant transfer, and direct debit payment. Direct debit is only available for purchase amounts up to 500 €. For non-registered customers, the only allowed payment option is instant transfer.”

A Test Analyst has designed the following collapsed decision table that should contain rules for the possible combinations:



You are reviewing the decision table for completeness, correctness, and consistency. Which of the following are CORRECT findings?
Deselect Answer

Question #11 (3 Points)

As a Test Analyst, you are testing the download functionality of a mobile application via the cellular network with the decision table testing technique. The specification states:

“Before starting a download, the application verifies that the cellular network connectivity is at least two bars strong and the subscription has sufficient data volume to download the file. In the borderline case of two bars connectivity, a buffer of at least 20 KB additional data volume is needed.”

During test analysis, you have designed and successfully reviewed the following decision table:



You are designing a test suite that should cover all five decision rules.

Which of the following statements about a test suite for this specification covering all five rules is CORRECT?
Deselect Answer

Question #12 (3 Points)

The following state transition diagram describes the behavior of a generic scheduler of an Operating System (OS):



Assume a test always starts in the “Ready” state and ends when the system returns to the “Ready” state, so a test input consists of a sequence (“Ready”, event, next state, …, event, “Ready”), where all states except first and last one is different than “Ready”.

What is the MINIMUM number of tests needed to achieve 1-switch coverage?
Deselect Answer

Question #13 (3 Points)

A mobile device operates in one of three states: IDLE, STAND-BY, and READY. Its behavior is depicted by the following state transition diagram.



Considering only the READY state, what is the number of test cases required to achieve round-trip coverage for this state?
Deselect Answer

Question #14 (1 Point)

Which of the following statements does NOT describe the use of classification trees to support black-box test techniques?Deselect Answer

Question #15 (3 Points)

A company offering house insurance policies has several policy options. They depend on the following factors:

    Building type: house, semi-detached, apartment building, cottage

    Material: wood, concrete, brick, mixed
    Location: city, suburb, countryside, wilderness

You are testing the system and using the pairwise technique for creating test cases.

Using the pairwise technique, how many test cases are required to achieve all pairs coverage?Deselect Answer

Question #16 (3 Points)

Consider a multi-language web application with the following requirements:

  • Support three different languages: English, French and Japanese
  • Run on three different browsers: Br1, Br2, Br3
  • Run on three different operating systems: OpS1, OpS2 and OpS3

You have been asked to test the correct behavior of this application for various combinations of languages, browsers and operating systems.

Due to the restricted amount of time you decide to apply the pairwise test technique for creating test cases.

Using the pairwise technique, what is the MINIMUM number of test cases needed to achieve all-pairs coverage?Deselect Answer

Question #17 (3 Points)

Easytravel is a card which is used to paying for journeys on buses and subways. The user can store credit to the card at the Easytravel Loading Machines and the system automatically deducts the journey fee when the user inserts the card into the card reader/writer on a bus or at the subway station. You are a member of the Easytravel project team, and the following user story has been given to you for reviewing.
   USE CASE: ADD TO EASYTRAVEL BALANCE FROM CREDIT CARD
   Use case ID: UC-201201
   Purpose: User is increasing the balance on their Easytravel card
   Actors: user, system
   Pre-conditions: User has a valid Easytravel card and a credit card



End-result: User’s Easytravel card balance has been increased with the selected amount and the equal amount has been charged to the credit card.

How many test cases are required to achieve the minimum coverage for this use case?

Deselect Answer

Question #18 (3 Points)

TS is a skills portal which is made available to all IT professionals. Individual IT professionals first discuss their training needs with their manager and as a result may receive a voucher from the manager for any of the course types provided at the company. The IT professional uses TS and their voucher to select a specific course and make a reservation.
  USE CASE: COURSE REGISTATION
  Use Case ID: UC-15504
  Purpose: Enable IT professionals to select and reserve a course for which they have been given a voucher
  Actors: IT Professional (ITP); TS Skills Portal (SP)
  Pre-conditions: none



How many test cases are required to achieve the minimum coverage for this use case?Deselect Answer

Question #19 (3 Points)

A new mobile app is to be developed for managing the membership of a soccer club which runs several teams. One of the key objectives of the club owners is to replace the outdated manual method required for registration of new members. The functionality of the app is to remain relatively simple because not all users will be familiar with modern user interfaces. The club owners have therefore placed emphasis on the ease with which users can navigate between the various screens and the usability of the application. An objective is also to manage the numbers of players who can register for a team. Limits are therefore to be enforced which may result in applicants being placed on a waiting list.

Which TWO of the following test techniques would be MOST appropriate for testing the mobile app?Deselect Answer

Question #20 (3 Points)

A system is being specified for use by automotive dealers. The system will provide the ability to configure a vehicle’s optional characteristics (e.g., engine size, external trim, color), visualize the configured vehicle and generate the retail price of the vehicle. An existing system can provide a visual model of any single configuration, but it does not enable the user to modify the configuration in the same session. This system is being used as a development prototype from which it is expected that the required functionality can be generated more quickly than working from scratch, and time scales have been adjusted for a rapid delivery.

Which of the following test techniques would together give the best chance of achieving acceptable coverage in the available time frame?Deselect Answer

Question #21 (1 Point)

Which of the following statements BEST explains experience-based testing?Deselect Answer

Question #22 (2 Points)

You are a Test Analyst on a new project. The requirements documents are on a very high level, containing little detail about the problem the software should address. As a result, your manager has decided that exploratory testing will be a primary test technique used for this project. You have been given the task of specifying, executing, and recording the test sessions.

Which of the options below define what you will need or will use for these tasks?Deselect Answer

Question #23 (1 Point)

Which of the following describes typical characteristics of defect-based test techniques?Deselect Answer

Question #24 (3 Points)

The marketing department of insurance company, SecureLife, has started a project called HIPPOS (Health Insurance Product Public Order Sales). The purpose of the project is to create a new Internet application where potential customers can calculate insurance premiums and bonuses based on age and different health factors.

The new application will also make it possible for individual customers to order health insurance products online.

The new application created by project HIPPOS will be developed and tested by SecureLife’s Agile development team. The Agile development team has worked together and with the marketing team for the last three years, developing web applications. The Agile team consists of well-trained testers and developers. They have implemented test automation for configuration and regression testing, and they have built taxonomies of common defects and common security problems.

In Project HIPPOS the Product Owner from Marketing has presented the following user stories to the Agile team before the first release planning meeting.


The Agile team has been asked to prepare a test approach. The Product Owner asks the team to present their proposal for the use of test techniques at the release planning meeting.

Which of the following proposals best supports the given scenario?Deselect Answer

Question #25 (1 Point)

You are working on a project testing a new application that handles foreign currency exchange transactions. Much of the software which handles calculations and money transfers has been re-used from a similar application which has been used for over 3 years. Several new functions are to be added to the new application to improve the user experience and display graphical information better. The users have not been fully involved in the definition of these new aspects and new functions have therefore been implemented according to the developer’s expectations.

As a Test Analyst, which of the following quality characteristics would you focus the MOST on when testing the new application?Deselect Answer

Question #26 (1 Point)

You work in Agile software development in the telecommunications industry. The application offers a new interface to allow customers to modify their mobile phone plan directly via the web application. You are performing system tests and work particularly on the screen used to change the mobile phone plan.

The user story you are testing is:
  US-34: As a customer, I want to be able to select a new mobile phone plan online so that I can adapt it to my needs.

As part of these tests, you and the product owner invite a business expert to perform an exploratory test on this screen and indicate if they have any comments on whether the proposed solution allows them to make all the possible changes.

What kind of test are you performing?Deselect Answer

Question #27 (1 Point)

Which of the following statements is correct regarding quality sub-characteristics and the defects they target?Deselect Answer

Question #28 (1 Point)

Assume you work for a company that has developed software to help users trade currencies. A new version of the software is being developed. The main feature of this version is the ability to calculate different amounts of commission depending on the volume of the trades. In addition, different categories of users (beginner, intermediate, expert) are defined, and different functions are provided to them according to their category.

You are the Test Analyst responsible for creating functional suitability tests.

Which of the following statements correctly defines the level in the software development lifecycle at which functional suitability tests should be performed earliest?Deselect Answer

Question #29 (1 Point)

When is functional appropriateness testing usually conducted?Deselect Answer

Question #30 (1 Point)

Which of the following statements is correct regarding usability testing?Deselect Answer

Question #31 (1 Point)

Assume you work for a company that has developed a software component to help users securely and easily manage all the passwords they have defined for different websites. This component is integrated into hundreds of websites, used by millions of people world-wide.

A new software version of the component is being developed. The main feature of this version is the integration with a specific operating system that does not currently support this component.

Which of the following does not qualify as an interoperability failure?Deselect Answer

Question #32 (1 Point)

You work as a Test Analyst in the team developing a system for managing rented electric scooters. The system consists of the following three parts:

  1. A client application for mobile phones
  2. Scooter monitoring
  3. A server application that supervises the work of the whole
The most important target for your team is to ensure the cooperation between modules.

Based on this description only, which quality characteristic is the most important for you, and should be tested first?Deselect Answer

Question #33 (1 Point)

Which of the following statements define types of defect you would NOT typically consider in portability testing?Deselect Answer

Question #34 (3 Points)

The HeatWell mobile application shall enable homeowners to control and monitor the heating of their home. The following requirements have been identified as the most important for the HeatWell app:



You are the Test Analyst on the HeatWell team.

Which of the following test conditions would you consider to be the most appropriate for verifying the functional and/or non-functional quality characteristics of the stated requirements?
Deselect Answer

Question #35 (3 Points)

You are a Test Analyst working on a brand-new project.

The customer is a state social welfare administration that wants to improve its website. The website will contain information, news, and documentation on social welfare. It will allow any citizen to interact online in order to view their current status as well as ongoing and past reimbursements.

A team of business analysts, requirement engineers and user experience specialists have worked with the client to gather a comprehensive list of the requirements for the new website, based on the existing website, new needs, new best practices, and user feedback.

The project follows the V-model as software development lifecycle.

The requirements have been reviewed and approved by all the stakeholders.

You are now about to start the test design based on requirements and a draft of detailed specifications.

Here is a selection of some requirements:


Which of the requirements above should you, according to your responsibilities, consider for your test design?
Deselect Answer

Question #36 (2 Points)

You are reviewing the following requirements specification document:



The following is the checklist you are using for this review:

  1. Is each requirement testable?
  2. Does each requirement have acceptance criteria listed?
  3. Does each requirement have a defined priority level?
  4. Are the requirements uniquely identified?
  5. Is the specification versioned?
  6. Is there traceability visible from each requirement to the business/marketing requirements?
  7. Is there traceability between the requirements and the use cases (if applicable)?

You are reviewing the specification above with the provided checklist. Assume you have access to the document that provides more information about the screen layout. Which of the items on the checklist are NOT met by the specification?Deselect Answer

Question #37 (2 Points)

You are a Test Analyst assigned to a project for the development of a new online banking application. You were asked to participate in the requirements review. For your individual preparation you are given a checklist to help you to check basics rules in requirements writing.

The following is one of the requirements:
  R034 – Even a person unfamiliar with software applications must be able to make a bank transfer

The following is an extract of the checklist:
  I. The requirement must be testable
  II. The requirement must have an identifier
  III. The requirement must always show its version number
  IV. The requirement must show traceability to one or more business/marketing requirements

Without further information on this requirement. Which of the following four checklist items are correct with respect to the requirement?Deselect Answer

Question #38 (2 Points)

Easytravel is a card which is used to paying for journeys on buses and subways. The user can store credit to the card at the Easytravel Loading Machines and the system automatically deducts the journey fee when the user presents the card to the card reader on a bus or at the subway station.

You are a member of the Easytravel project team, and the following user story has been given to you for reviewing.

  USER STORY: Add credit to the Easytravel card
  Priority: 1

As a bus passenger, I want to add credit to my Easytravel card so that I can pay for bus rides using the card



Consider the following checklist for a good user story. Which of these criteria are NOT achieved regarding this user story?
Deselect Answer

Question #39 (2 Points)

A business application is in the maintenance phase and several changes to the business logic have either already been implemented or are expected be implemented in the next release. Test automation is used to ensure that business cases are regression tested whenever a change is made. A keyword-driven approach is used for the test automation. Since the last release, some emergency fixes were necessary, and the test automation reports are now highlighting anomalies.

Which of the following steps should now be conducted by the Test Analyst?Deselect Answer

Question #40 (1 Point)

Which of the following statements does NOT describe a benefit from using testing tools?Deselect Answer

Question #A1 (1 Point)

Which of the following issues should be considered when designing test cases?Deselect Answer

Question #A2 (1 Point)

Which of the following answers describes the most appropriate and complete set of activities for the Test Analyst to focus on during test execution?Deselect Answer

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